Egyptian couple wearing formal wigs 
of the 4th and 5th dynasties 
(between -2670AC until -2300AC)

France, 18th century
Japanese wig (1931)

Historically, wigs have been widely used from antiquity until now, in all kinds of societies, to hide baldness, as a fashion accessory, for practical reasons (easier to maintain in certain conditions) or as a disguise/costume. They were made from animal hair or human hair (the most expensive), but also from plants or silk. From the 60’s onwards, wigs made out of synthetic fibers made their appearance, opening new design possibilities and making wigs cheaper.

Click on the link below for more information about wigs (history, current usage, manufacture…), not including the actual come back of wigs in Western fashion or their use from the 20s onwards in the African diaspora and (mostly urban part of) Africa. 

More about history, current usage, manufacture…